Summer flounder is sold whole and in fillets, and is available fresh or frozen. Its skin is edible and its flaky white meat has a delicate flavor and fine texture.
Summer flounder inhabit estuarine and coastal waters off the northeast east coast of the US, from the Gulf of Maine to South Carolina. Summer flounder mature early, produce many eggs and spawn often over the spawning season, factors that help keep their abundance at moderate levels. In the commercial fishery, which accounts for about 50% of the total annual catch, bottom trawls are commonly used to catch Summer Flounder. A major rod-and-reel recreational fishery accounts for the rest. Bycatch is low in both fisheries. The Summer Flounder population is currently being rebuilt and is no longer considered to be overfished.
Summer flounder are found from North Carolina to Maine and are one of the most important components of the Atlantic flatfish fisheries. They’re fished mainly with trawls, a method that involves towing a net close to the seafloor. Trawls are problematic because they disturb and destroy the seafloor habitat. Although summer flounder was previously overfished, responsible management has reversed that trend. Increased populations and responsible management make summer flounder a “Good Alternative” to other Atlantic flatfish.